Hepatitis is a serious health condition that causes inflammation of the liver. While there are several possible causes of hepatitis including alcohol abuse, specific medications and toxins; viruses and parasites have been the potential bearers of this disease worldwide. Viral hepatitis is classified into five main types: Type A, B, C, D & E. Hepatitis symptoms can range from fever, nausea, jaundice, stomach ache, anorexia and fatigue to complete lever failure depending on the severity of the disease. It mainly spreads through contaminated food and water, but depending on its type, it is also sexually transmitted and through blood, excreta and body fluids of an infected person.
Hepatitis can be detected by simple blood tests. However, in advanced conditions, the patient is also recommended for a biopsy to gauge the extent of liver damage and rule out possible chances of cancer. Hepatitis A, B and D are completely preventable through immunization and actively led awareness campaigns by various welfare bodies have helped curb the advent of the disease by getting more and more people vaccinated against it. Patients are advised to abstain from alcohol and remain in bed rest through the process of treatment for an active recovery. World Hepatitis Day observed July 28 every year, aims to spread awareness about the various types of hepatitis that claims 1.4 million lives globally every year by encouraging prevention and treatment through vaccination, seeking proper medical care and ensuring highest standards of communal and personal sanitation.