Stroke is a serious medical condition caused due to poor blood flow to the brain, resulting in cell death. Earliest signs of a stroke could be lack of sensation in the limbs, trouble speaking/understanding, dizziness and loss of vision to one side which can swiftly progress to complete paralysis depending on the severity. Seeking immediate medical condition increases chances of recovery by preventing irreversible damage. It’s one of the leading causes of death worldwide and can be classified under two major heads – (a) Ischemic Stroke (b) Haemorrhagic Stroke. Ischemic stroke pertains to the partial or complete restriction of blood flow to a section of the brain, leading to the death of neurons. Haemorrhagic stroke, on the other hand, is induced by a fatal injury or trauma to the brain, causing severe internal bleeding with the clot obstructing normal blood flow to various parts of the brain.
People with high blood pressure, obesity, elevated levels of bad cholesterol and uncontrolled diabetes mellitus are at the highest risk of contracting a stroke. It’s only by acting fast and fetching required medical attention that the fatal outcomes of a stroke could be successfully abated. Stroke’s devastating impact can be easily imagined by the following statistics: a total of 17 million lives annually has been recorded to have suffered a stroke, with 6 million of them succumbing overtime to its worsening consequences and leaving another 5 million physically impaired. Rehabilitation and advanced medical care have helped one out of ten stroke patients recover successfully and return to normal life.