Rabies is a lethal viral disease that can be transmitted from infected animals to humans and other mammals. It’s caused by lyssaviruses and spreads when infected animal bites or scratches another animal or human. In the human body, the virus spreads fast via the host’s muscle cells to quickly impact the central nervous system, resulting in inflammation of the brain. Rabies symptoms aren’t distinguishable in the early stages and often start with a headache and fever. The preliminary symptoms soon progress to grave consequences of violent movements, uncontrolled excitement, fear of water and even loss of consciousness. Dogs are the widespread carrier of this virus globally and immunization has resulted in the prevention of rabies epidemic in many parts of the world. There is no combative treatment for rabies discovered so far, and once the symptoms start to show in an affected person, it almost always culminates in a fatal outcome.
It’s advisable to clean wound-site with antibacterial soap and seek immediate medical attention. Over-the-clock vaccinations are then administered to the patient once a bite or suspected bite is reported to the presiding medical practitioner. Rabies mostly affects poor rural communities of Asia and Africa, with over 40% victims reported to be children below the age of 15. Social awareness programs and extensive immunization of animals are the only available means that have proven handy over the years in staying clear of this deadly disease.